Major infrastructure projects can have an influence on the environment and biodiversity. Carrying out an environmental impact assessment (EIA) is often a mandatory requirement for such projects. In other words, they cannot be authorised without an EIA. The project initiator is bound by an EIA to factor in already at an early stage the human and environmental impact and to examine how this impact can be reduced and what compensatory measures can be proposed for this. These studies must be arranged by an accredited coordinator and expert, in accordance with the guidelines set out by the EIA service. The coordinators at Tractebel already have more than 20 years’ experience of these EIAs, and Tractebel has more than 10 accredited EIA experts in-house.
Major projects can have a considerable impact on the environment and biodiversity. If valuable species of flora and fauna are pushed out, there must be compensation for this. This means that the biodiversity of a particular location is always viewed in a broad context and, overall, the balance and the conservation objectives for the (protected) species continue to be preserved. After all, flora and fauna also migrate. Sometimes new projects also present new opportunities. For instance, the undersea foundations of offshore wind farms seem to be home to a huge number of organisms, allowing fish to benefit from the food supply and the fishing ban in these areas.
References Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)